Principle Threats

Pressures on land use from increasing human populations leading to continued fragmentation of the remaining suitable habitat coupled with indiscriminate killing in defense of life and livestock and prey base depletion are recognized as being the principle causes for their decline.

Lions were regarded as pests 1940-1950, presenting a threat to giant sable in the Reserva do Luando.  However, recent evidence has shown that lions were rarely present in this area and their impact on giant sable was actually low. (Chardonnet et al. 2010)

Chardonnet P, Soto B, Fritz H, Crosmary W, Drouet-Hoguet N, Mesochina P, Pellerin M, Mallon D, Bakker, L, Boulet H, Lamarque F (2010) Managing the conflicts between people and lion: Review and insights from the literature and field experience.  Wildlife Management Working Paper 13 (pdf)

Trade in Lions

The hunting of lions is prohibited in Angola.

As Angola is not a CITES party, there is no trade information about lions in this country.
Number of wild source lions estimated in international trade, 1999-2008:             0
Average annual wild source trade as percent of population size*:                           0
* Used average of Chardonnet (2002) and Bauer & van der Merwe (2004) studies

Place J, Flocken J, Travers W, Waterland S, Telecky T, Kennedy C, Goyenechea A (2011) Petition to list the African Lion (Panthera leo leo) as endangered pursuant to the US Endangered Species Act.  The International Fund for Animal Welfare, The Born Free Foundation, The Humane Society of the United States and Humane Society International, Defenders of Wildlife (pdf)

Lions in Culture

The lion with the longest body (12 ft, or 3.6m) was a male recorded near Musco in Angola.  He had a black-mane and was shot in October 1973.

In the area of Samba-Cajul town, it was believed that people turned into lions to steal livestock from other villages. (html)

The Boy and the Lion - A story from the native Chokwe people of Angola

A boy and a lion, who had grown up together and had always been good friends, went hunting one day. The boy killed a deer, after which he fell unconscious. Immediately, the lion made a fire and prepared a remedy to revive him. When the two friends returned to the village with their trophy, there was a celebration which cemented their friendship.

Some time later, the two went hunting again and this time the lion killed an antelope buffalo. The lion then fell to the ground, pretending to have fainted. The boy thought the lion was dead and wishing to be considered the bravest hunter in the land, he prepared to make an amulet with the dead lion’s eyes, nose and ears. As he got ready to cut the lion, it jumped up, and seeing the treachery of his friend, slew him. Ever since, those two great hunters – lion and man – have never been seen together. (html)

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Ministry of Environment
Avenida 4 de Fevereiro

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